Flights to China
The word "China" is derived from Cin, a Persian name for China popularized in Europe by Marco Polo, Archaeological evidence suggests that the earliest hominids in China date from 250,000 to 2.24 million years ago. On 1 January 1912, the Republic of China was established, heralding the end of the Qing Dynasty. China ranges from mostly plateaus and mountains in the west to lower lands in the east. Hundreds of ethnic groups have existed in China throughout its history. The largest ethnic group in China by far is the Han. Most languages in China belong to the Sino-Tibetan language family, spoken by 29 ethnicities. China's science and technology had fallen behind that of Europe by the 17th century. Political, social and cultural reasons have been given for this, although recent historians focus more on economic causes, such as the high level equilibrium trap.